Located the central part of Romania, in the Transylvania region, in the foreground of the South-Carpathian Mountains, Sibiu (German: Hermannstadt; Hungarian: Nagyszeben) was considered to be the capital of the Saxons of Romania.
Developing as the region’s educational and cultural centre, the city once again achieved international recognition when it became “Europe’s Cultural Capital’ in 2007.
Its medieval inner-city is relatively small, and can easily be covered on foot. The principal attraction of the old-city is its Gothic cathedral, built in three stages from the 14th to the early 16th centuries. It replaced a Romanesque style basilica which stood on this site in the 12th-13th centuries.
The nearby, very impressive Baroque style palace – now the Brukenthal Museum – was named after a former Governor of Transylvania, whose bequest of a large collection of books, coins, engravings and paintings has been on public display here since 1817.
Some of the towers, and parts of the wall which surrounded the old-city, can still be seen today. From the top of the 16th century town-hall tower, which stands at the edge of the main square, one can gain a splendid view of the city; the tower also functions as a museum.